Mount Everest lies at the top of the Himalayas, across the border between Nepal and Tibet. Although climbing to the top of the world is a daunting and potentially deadly task due to extreme altitudes, avalanches, ice waterfalls and other hazards. Mount Everest attracts many climbers, some of whom are experienced climbers. There are two main climbing routes one from southeast Nepal near the top of the mountain (known as the “standard route”) and the other from northern Tibet.
While Mount Everest does not pose substantial technical challenges on the standard route, it does pose risks such as altitude sickness, weather and wind, as well as significant dangers from avalanches and the Khumbu Icefall. As of 2019, more than 300 people have died on Mount Everest (many of whose bodies remain on the mountain).