The oral cavity is also called oral cancer. This area of the body includes the lining of lips, lips and cheeks (called bucket mucosa), teeth, gums, most of the tongue, bottom of the mouth, and etc.
Mouth Cancer in the U.S.
Oral cancer accounts for about 3% of all cancers in the United States. About 30,000 cases are diagnosed every year, and about 8,000 people die from oral cancer every year. The incidence of oral cancer is rising.
- About 95% of oral cancers occur in people over 40. The average age of diagnosis is about 60 years, although oral cancer is now more common in younger patients.
- For decades, 6 men for every one woman have suffered from oral cancer (6:1). However, today this ratio is 2:1, most likely due to the increase in smoking and drinking among women.
- Oral cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer in African-American men.
Risk Factors of Oral Cancer
- Tobacco: Tobacco is used by approximately 90 percent of those with oral cancer. Smokeless nicotine raises approximately 50 times the risk of these cancers.
- Alcohol: About 75 percent to 80 percent of all oral cancer patients consume alcohol.
- Ultraviolet light: Over 30 percent of patients with lip cancer had physical activities associated with excessive sunlight penetration.
- Poor nutrition: diets that are deficient in fruits and vegetables are associated with an elevated risk of oral cancer.
- HPV infection: HPV may lead to the development of oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancers.
- Age: Half of all cases arise in individuals over the age of 65 years; 90% are over the age of 45 years.