Voting is a method used by groups to make collective decisions or express opinions, usually after discussion, debate, or campaigning. Democracies elect senior officials by voting. Those who vote for a candidate are called “voters”.
In smaller organizations, voting can be done in different ways. Election: To formally elect another person by voting, such as in the workplace, to become a member of a political association or to choose a role for another person. Informal voting can be conducted through oral agreements or verbal gestures, such as hand-lifting or electronic means.
History of Election in the U.S.
- 1788: The founding fathers of the United States establish the Electoral College. The American people do not directly elect the President. Instead, the Electoral College elects the President.
- 1789: The U.S. elects George Washington as its first President.
- 1820–1830: They establish their own state constitutions as they join the union, specifying who is eligible to vote. Mostly white males who own land are registered voters. There are a limited number of free black men permitted to vote, but no white or black women.
- 1840: Women begin to organize to petition for suffrage, or the right to vote.